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Canadian Addressing Standards

Address Overview
Postal Addresses fall into two categories:
  • Civic addresses and
  • Postal installation addresses.

Civic Addresses

There are two types of civic addresses. The street address and the street served by route address. A civic address consists of a street number, street name, municipality name, province code and postal code. It may also contain any of apartment or unit number, street number suffix, street type or street direction. In the case of the street served by route a rural route type description and number will also form part of the address.

Examples of civic addresses:

415 HERITAGE CRES UNIT 102
SASKATOON SK S7H 5M5
(Street Address)

11D JESSOME ST
GLACE BAY NS B1A 5H9
(Street Address)

104-2701 23RD AVE
REGINA SK S4S 1E5
(Street Address)

225 RUE FLEURY O
MONTREAL QC H3L 1T8
(Street Address)

1920 BLAIR LAKE RD RR 6
AMHERST NS B4H 3Y4
(Street served by route address)

Notice that the Canada Post preferred format contains the municipality, followed by one space, followed by the 2 character province code, followed by two spaces, followed by the postal code which contains a space between the first and last three characters. It is also preferred that the address be in capital letters. Canada Post, however, also recognizes and accepts upper and lower case character mix, accents and full spelling of and punctuation between address elements.

Postal Installation Addresses
A postal installation address consists of a description of the type of delivery, the Canada Post delivery installation name, the municipality name, the province code and postal code.

There are three types of postal installation addresses:

  • Lock box address
  • Route service address and
  • General delivery address.
Examples of postal installation addresses:

PO BOX 6001 LCD 1
VICTORIA BC V8P 5L4
(Lock box address)

RR 1 ETOBICOKE STN B
TORONTO ON M9W 5K7
(Route service address)

RR 2
SALMON ARM BC V1E 4M2
(Route service address)

GD
COLD LAKE AB T0A 0V0
(General delivery address)


The Postal Code Explained
Canadian postal codes are always in the same format: ANA NAN where A is an alphabetical character and N is a numeric character.
    Significance of the Characters

    These first three characters of the postal code are known as the Forward Sortation Area (FSA).

    The first character normally designates a province or territory. For instance, the letter R refers to Manitoba. For Ontario and Quebec, Canada's most highly populated provinces, the first character refers to a major area within the province. For example, the letter M refers to Toronto, while the letter K refers to eastern Ontario.

    The second character denotes whether the mail is to go to an urban or rural location. Rural addresses contain a 0 in the second position.

    The third character of the code, further defines the destination. In an urban code, the third character will identify a postal station or city post office.

    These last three characters of the postal code are known as the Local Delivery Unit (LDU).

    The last three characters of the code help to guide your mail to a specific location.


Extra Information

Information not needed by Canada Post to deliver the mail, eg. "ATTENTION", should always appear at the top of the address.

Country
The country name should be used only on mail to be delivered outside Canada and must appear alone at the bottom of the address.

Canada Post Designations
This section lists the Official Canada Post Designations for Street Types, Street Directions, Unit Designators, Mode of Delivery, Delivery Installation Types, and Provinces. This section is provided as a reference only. The software described in this guide is capable of detecting spelling mistakes and may correct data to conform to the standard designations listed below. Each list below shows the short form official designations followed by the full word equivalent.

Street Types
ABBEY
ACRES
ALLEE
ALLEY
AUT
AVE
AV
BAY
BEACH
BEND
BLVD
BOUL
BYPASS
BYWAY
CAMPUS
CAPE
CAR
CARREF
CTR
C
CERCLE
CHASE
CH
CIR
CIRCT
CLOSE
COMMON
CONC
CRNRS
COTE
COUR
CRT
COVE
CRES
CROIS
CROSS
CDS
DALE
DELL
DIVERS
DOWNS
DR
ECH
END
ESPL
ESTATE
EXPY
EXTEN
FARM
FIELD
FOREST
FWY
FRONT
GDNS
GATE
GLADE
GLEN
GREEN
GRNDS
GROVE
HARBR
HTS
HGHLDS
HWY
HILL
HOLLOW
ILE
IMP
ISLAND
KEY
= ABBEY
= ACRES
= ALLEE
= ALLEY
= AUTOROUTE
= AVENUE (E)
= AVENUE (F)
= BAY
= BEACH
= BEND
= BOULEVARD (E)
= BOULEVARD (F)
= BY-PASS
= BYWAY
= CAMPUS
= CAPE
= CARRE
= CARREFOUR
= CENTRE (E)
= CENTRE (F)
= CERCLE
= CHASE
= CHEMIN
= CIRCLE
= CIRCUIT
= CLOSE
= COMMON
= CONCESSION
= CORNERS
= COTE
= COUR
= COURT
= COVE
= CRESCENT
= CROISSANT
= CROSSING
= CUL-DE-SAC
= DALE
= DELL
= DIVERSION
= DOWNS
= DRIVE
= ECHANGEUR
= END
= ESPLANADE
= ESTATES
= EXPRESSWAY
= EXTENSION
= FARM
= FIELD
= FOREST
= FREEWAY
= FRONT
= GARDENS
= GATE
= GLADE
= GLEN
= GREEN
= GROUNDS
= GROVE
= HARBOUR
= HEIGHTS
= HIGHLANDS
= HIGHWAY
= HILL
= HOLLOW
= ILE
= IMPASSE
= ISLAND
= KEY
KNOLL
LANDING
LANE
LMTS
LINE
LINK
LKOUT
LOOP
MALL
MANOR
MAZE
MEADOW
MEWS
MONTEE
MOOR
MOUNT
MTN
ORCH
PARADE
PARC
PK
PKY
PASS
PATH
PTWAY
PINES
PL
PLACE
PLAT
PLAZA
PT
PORT
PVT
PROM
QUAI
QUAY
RANG
RG
RIDGE
RISE
RD
RDPT
RTE
ROW
RUE
RLE
RUN
SENT
SQ
ST
SUBDIV
TERR
TSSE
THICK
TOWERS
TLINE
TRAIL
TRNABT
VALE
VIA
VIEW
VILLGE
VISTA
VOIE
WALK
WAY
WHARF
WOOD
WYND
= KNOLL
= LANDING
= LANE
= LIMITS
= LINE
= LINK
= LOOKOUT
= LOOP
= MALL
= MANOR
= MAZE
= MEADOW
= MEWS
= MONTEE
= MOOR
= MOUNT
= MOUNTAIN
= ORCHARD
= PARADE
= PARC
= PARK
= PARKWAY
= PASSAGE
= PATH
= PATHWAY
= PINES
= PLACE (E)
= PLACE (F)
= PLATEAU
= PLAZA
= POINT
= PORT
= PRIVATE
= PROMENADE
= QUAI
= QUAY
= RANG
= RANGE
= RIDGE
= RISE
= ROAD
= ROND-POINT
= ROUTE
= ROW
= RUE
= RUELLE
= RUN
= SENTIER
= SQUARE
= STREET
= SUBDIVISION
= TERRACE
= TERRASE
= THICKET
= TOWERS
= TOWNLINE
= TRAIL
= TURNABOUT
= VALE
= VIA
= VIEW
= VILLAGE
= VISTA
= VOIE
= WALK
= WAY
= WHARF
= WOOD
= WYND


Street Directions
E
N
NE
NO
NW
S
SE
SO
SW
O
W
= EST / EAST
= NORD / NORTH
= NORD-EST / NORTH EAST
= NORD-OUEST
= NORTH WEST
= SUD / SOUTH
= SUD-EST / SOUTH EAST
= SUD-OUEST
= SOUTH WEST
= OUEST
= WEST


Unit Designators
APP
APT
BUREAU
SUITE
UNITE
UNIT
= APPARTEMENT
= APPARTMENT
= BUREAU
= SUITE
= UNITE
= UNIT


Non-Standard Unit Designators
BACK
BSMT
ETAGE
FLR
FRNT
LBBY
LOG
LWR
PH
PIECE
PORTE
RC
REAR
RM
SALLE
SIDE
STN
SS
UPPR
= BACK
= BASEMENT
= ETAGE
= FLOOR
= FRONT
= LOBBY
= LOGEMENT
= LOWER
= PENTHOUSE
= PIECE
= PORTE
= REZ-DE-CHAUSSEE
= REAR
= ROOM
= SALLE
= SIDE
= STATION
= SOUS SOL
= UPPER


Mode of Delivery Designators
PR
IM
CP
GD
MR
PO BOX
RR
SS
= POSTE RESTANTE
= ITINERAIRE MOTORISE
= CASE POSTALE
= GENERAL DELIVERY
= MOBILE ROUTE
= POST OFFICE BOX
= ROUTE RURALE / RURAL ROUTE
= SERVICE SURBURBAIN / SUBURBAN SERVICE


Delivery Installation Types
BDP
CC
CSP
CDO
CMC
CPC
LCD
PDF
PO
RPO
STN
SUCC
= BUREAU DE POSTE
= CONCESSION COMMERCIALE
= COMPTOIR SERVICE POSTAL
= COMMERCIAL DEALERSHIP OUTLET
= COMMUNITY MAIL CENTRE
= CENTRE POSTAL COMMUNAUTAIRE
= LETTER CARRIER DEPOT
= POSTE DES FACTEURS
= POST OFFICE
= RETAIL POSTAL OUTLET
= STATION
= SUCCURSALE


Provinces/Territories
AB
BC
MB
NB
NL
NT
NS
NU
ON
PE
QC
SK
YT
= ALBERTA
= COLOMBIE-BRITANNIQUE / BRITISH COLUMBIA
= MANITOBA
= NOUVEAU-BRUNSWICK / NEW BRUNSWICK
= TERRE-NEUVE-ET-LABRADOR / NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
= TERRITOIRES DU NORD-OUEST / NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
= NOUVELLE-ECOSSE / NOVA SCOTIA
= NUNAVUT
= ONTARIO
= ILE-DU-PRINCE-EDOUARD / PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
= QUEBEC
= SASKATCHEWAN
= YUKON







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